Let's go over what interviews are and what you need to get the job done.1
Types of Interviews
Interviews come in many shapes and sized. In this section we go over all different types of interviews and what to look out for.7
It Starts With the Microphone
Sound comes down to following signal flow, which starts at the Microphone. Andrew Jones from Deity Microphones stops by talk about how to pick the right microphone for your interview.4
Here Comes the Boom
Special Shoutout to K-Tek, our sponsor who loaned us a few boom poles for this shoot. Learn some boom pole basics as well as which one you should purchase.2
This section is all about having the grip equipment do the work for you.4
Wireless Audio Concepts
Andrew Jones from Deity Wireless stops by to discuss wireless audio basics.3
Recording and Sync
Let's go over all the different options when it comes to recording mediums.4
It is all about listening. Let's talk monitoring and what to do if more people need to listen.3
Sound Concepts To Consider
These are some of my Golden Rules of Recording Sound for Interviews. You will not want to miss them.4
Let's break down the entire interview process, from the phone call to the paycheck.9
- Initial Phone Call 10 minLecture12.1
- Follow Up Phone Calls 04 minLecture12.2
- The Day Before 04 minLecture12.3
- When You Get There 19 minLecture12.4
- Right Before You Hit Record 08 minLecture12.5
- Working in Hot RoomsLecture12.6
- Communication During an Interview 07 minLecture12.7
- Wrap Out Procedure 06 minLecture12.8
- Sharing Files to Clients 21 minLecture12.9
Let's talk about moving forward and more advanced types of interviews.3
What Gear Do I Need?
In this video we are going to go over the gear required to record audio for an interview. When it comes to recording sound for interviews, there isn’t a lot of gear needed to do the job. Let’s go over each item you are going to need and get you ready for application in the next few videos.
The microphone is the most important part of the chain. It is what represents the ears of your listener. My first advice to you is don’t just grab the “stick mic” from the camera bag. Like cameras and lenses, these microphone manufacturers are absolutely incredible and deserve to have their technical achievements understood. When you always go for the “Rode”, or the “416”, you always end up limiting the capabilities of our your soundtrack can tell a story. Also, a microphone only sounds as good as it does until you compare it to another.
Boom Poles are used to suspend the microphone over the top of the interviewee. They can be made of different materials and also are manufactured to different lengths. Most Sound Mixers and Boom Operators own at least a few different kinds of poles (smaller versions for traveling, larger poles for narrative, medium size for ENG Sound Work).
Shock Mounts are for suspending the microphone on top of your boom pole. There are many different kinds of shock mounts that all look different proving to be the quietest and perfect shock mount. It all depends on the application. When selecting shock mounts, you need to ensure that the shape of the microphone will work with the mount.
C Stands are like Robot Arms that don’t get tired. Actually they are not really robots. They are just super awesome and keep the microphone perfectly still during the interview, which helps for extremely long takes.
If you own a C Stand, you purchase a Sand Bag to go with it. No exception. It helps the center of gravity stay in the middle. I repeat, do not use a C Stand without a Sand Bag!
You can either purchase your own or make them yourself! You need cables to run not only from your Boom Pole to the Recorder, but also the Recorder to the Camera! What about the audio cables in your bag connecting your receiver to the recorder? You should always have spares! Check out our Soldering 101 Course and start saving thousands over the life of your career!
The Recorder is probably the second most important item on the list, as it serves as the primary recorder for the audio. Nowadays, there are so many viable options for you to use that it shouldn’t be hard finding one to meet your needs. The one thing I can stress is this: some of the recorders will wow you with a lot of tracks and all these features that you may never use. If you are working on a production that requires you to wire multiple people, you best not be producing or operating as well. Get a recorder that fits the scope of the gig, and hire an operator when the amount of tracks required gets a little too high.
A few options that you might consider are:
- Sound Devices MixPre-10T
- Sound Devices MixPre-6
- Sound Devices MixPre-3
- Zoom F8n
- Zoom F8
Headphones are most important. You need to be able to monitor your audio accordingly. Make sure you aren’t getting a pair that boosts frequencies like the bass. You want the flattest pair you can find. To be honest, if you are starting out, almost everyone starts off with the Sony MDR 7506. They are at all the rental houses and are considered an industry standard because they are very flat and about $100 in price. You will buy about 10-20 pairs of these in your lifetime and a professional engineer, almost guaranteed.
This is meant more for the bigger productions. If you see producers, directors, and even agency, it is time to pull out the IFB Systems you can let other people listen in to the audio. Other situations where people need to listen are camera operators that need to hear the mix for a specific cues.